Four Billion Years | About

Photography is my way of celebrating the natural world. I am a planetary scientist, and I see my approach to photography as scientific. My point of view is that humans cannot improve on what has taken nature more than four billion years to accomplish. We can only try to show in our photos what our minds and our hearts can see, but our cameras can't. 


Because I believe that the most beautiful photographs are those that show nature as it is, I keep post-processing of my images to the absolute minimum necessary. I do not use Photoshop, I do not stack for depth of field, and I do not make HDR composites. In fact, I do not construct composite images of any kind. You will find many images throughout my galleries that were generated with fully digital equipment, but I am gradually moving away from digital lenses and towards using almost exclusively manual focus lenses from the analog era. 


My images, however, are always recorded on modern digital camera bodies. Film is almost certainly a dead medium, and it is unquestionable that modern sensors and software can deliver just about anything that film could, and much more too. I view the sensor, and the camera that contains it, as "media". I rely on a few different kinds of interchangeable lens cameras from Sony (full frame and APS-C), Olympus (micro four thirds) and Sigma (Foveon technology sensors), as well as fixed lens cameras from Leica and Panasonic. But, in a very real sense, I think of choosing among my several cameras as akin to choosing among different types and formats of film.


The soul of a photograph is in the lens, and that is where I put most of my efforts (and investment) in. I feel that, with very few exceptions, modern digital lenses tend to be somewhat impersonal. I prefer the combination of sharpness, sweetness, color rendition and character of some decades-old manual focus lenses made by Olympus, Carl Zeiss (both West and East), Leica, Konica, Fuji and a few others. I treasure these jewels, the likes of which may never be produced again. Cameras and sensors will come and go, evolve and become obsolete. But great lenses will live forever. 

The images in these galleries are my vision of Earth, mostly taken from nature but, in a few cases, from the work of humans as well. You can find out more about them in my blog. 


Please contact me if you wish to purchase prints of any of the images in this site, or in the sister site, All printing is done by a local artisanal studio in order to ensure that the quality of the prints meets the high standards of the digital files. Framed and unframed prints are available.


Copyright notice. I am the author of all of the images on this website, and I hold the copyright on all of them. Please do not use them in any medium, electronic or otherwise, without my explicit written authorization.